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False Bay, South Africa
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The Launch Pad
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Light, Shadow, and Camouflage
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Surviving the First Year
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Predator and Prey
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Attack Acrobatics 
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Hunting Success = Time of Day
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Unsuccessful Shark attacks per day
Light Intensity (lumens)
Successful Shark attacks per day
0-200
600-800
800-1000
1000-1500
201-300
Number of Attacks
300-400
401-600
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Credits
Design
Han Huang Zhou Fang Chris Roy
Chris Fallows Neil Hammerschlag Abobe Stock (video)
Editorial and Scientific Research
Martin RA, Hammerschlag N. (2012): Marine predator-prey contests: Ambush and speed versus vigilance and agility, Marine Biology Research, 8:1, 90–94 Fallows C, Martin RA, Hammerschlag N. 2012. Comparisons between white shark-pinniped interactions at Seal Island (South Africa) with other sites in California (United States). In: Global Perspectives on the Biology and Life History of the White Shark, ed. Michael L. Domeier, Chapter 9, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.Martin RA, Rossmo DK, Hammerschlag N. 2009. Hunting patterns and geographic profiling of white shark predation. Journal of Zoology, 279: 111–118.Hammerschlag N, Martin RA, Fallows C. 2006. Effects of environmental conditions on predator-prey interactions between white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) and Cape fur seals (Arctocephalus pusillus pusillus) at Seal Island, South Africa. Environmental Biology of Fishes 76: 341–350.Martin RA, Hammerschlag N, Collier R, Fallows C. 2005. Predatory Behaviour of White Sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) at Seal Island, South Africa. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK, 85: 1121–1135.
Photos
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Attack Success or Failure
Conclusion
Predator-prey interactions are an important component in marine and the general ecology of the planet. Sharks are the top prdators in many marine communities around the globe. Studies of large sharks and their foraging behavior are important at this time in light of steep declines in their populations.
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The visualization shows how the shark stalks its prey from the dark depths until the angle of attack is achieved. With tremendous speed the shark rushes in for the attack. In this visualization it is a near miss for the seal.
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Path of Attack